Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk
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|Anne de Mowbray|
|Duchess of York; Duchess of Norfolk|
The marriage of Lady Anne Mowbray with Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, by James Northcote
|Duchess of Norfolk|
|Predecessor||John Mowbray, 4th Duke, 7th Earl|
10 December 1472|
Framlingham Castle, Suffolk
|Died||c. 19 November 1481 (aged 8)
|Spouse||Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York
(m. 1478–81; her death)
|House||York (by marriage)|
|Father||John Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk|
Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk, later Duchess of York and Duchess of Norfolk (10 December 1472 – c. 19 November 1481) was the child bride of Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York, one of the Princes in the Tower. She died at the age of eight.
She was born at Framlingham Castle in Suffolk, the only (surviving) child of John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk and Lady Elizabeth Talbot. Her maternal grandparents were John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and his second wife Lady Margaret Beauchamp. The death of her father in 1476 left Anne a wealthy heiress.
On 15 January 1478, aged 5, she was married in St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, to Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York, the 4-year-old younger son of Edward IV and his queen, Elizabeth Woodville.
Death and heirs
Anne died at Greenwich in London, nearly two years before her husband disappeared into the Tower of London with his older brother, Edward V. Upon her death, her heirs normally would have been her cousins, William, Viscount Berkeley and John, Lord Howard, but by an act of Parliament in January 1483 the rights were given to her husband Richard, with reversion to his descendants, and, failing that, to the descendants of his father Edward IV. This action may be a motivation for Lord Howard's support of the accession of Richard III. He was created Duke of Norfolk and given his half of the Mowbray estates after Richard's coronation.
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Anne was entombed in a lead coffin in the Chapel of St. Erasmus of Formiae in Westminster Abbey. When that chapel was demolished in about 1502 to make way for the Henry VII Lady Chapel, Anne's coffin was moved to a vault under the Abbey of the Minoresses, run by nuns of the Order of Poor Clares Franciscans. Her coffin eventually disappeared.
In December 1964, construction workers in Stepney accidentally dug into the vault and found Anne's coffin. It was opened, and her remains were analyzed by scientists and then entombed in Westminster Abbey in May 1965. Her red hair was still on her skull and her shroud still wrapped around her. Westminster Abbey is the purported resting place of her husband, Richard Duke of York, and his brother Edward V.
|Ancestors of Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk|
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1894). "Mowbray, John (1415-1461)". Dictionary of National Biography. 39. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 225.
- P. M. Kendall, The World of Anne Mowbray, Observer Colour Magazine, issued 23 May 1965
- Moorhen, Wendy (2005). "Anne Mowbray: In Life and Death" (PDF). The Ricardian Bulletin (Spring). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2010.
- M. A. Rushton, The Teeth of Anne Mowbray, British Dental Journal, issued 19 October 1965
- Stepney Child Burial, Joint press release from the London Museum and Westminster Abbey, issued 15 January 1965
- Roger Warwick, Skeletal Remains of a Medieval Child, London Archaeologist, Vol. 5 No. 7, issued summer 1986
The Duke of Norfolk
with Richard from 1478;
Sir Thomas Grey acting as deputy 1476–1483
The Duke of York and Norfolk
Sir Thomas Grey acting as deputy;
finally from 1483, The Duke of Norfolk
|Peerage of England|
|Countess of Norfolk
Title next held byJohn Howard